недеља, 09. децембар 2007.

Croatian: Mohač, Serbian: Мохач, German: Mohatsch, Turkish: Mohaç


The Imperial army defeated the Turks at the Battle of Mohács (August 1687). Louis invaded the Palatinate in October 1688 before the Emperor's armies had redeployed from the East. The French army devastated the area in one of the few real war crimes of this period's warfare. "preparations" The Hungarian army was divided into three main units: the Transylvanian army under John Zápolya, charged with guarding the passes in the Transylvanian Alps, with between 8,000 and 13,000 men; the main army, led by Louis himself; and another smaller force, commanded by the Croatian count Christopher Frankopan, numbering around 5,000 men. Due to geography, the Turkish army's ultimate goal could not be determined until it was crossing the Balkan Mountains. Unfortunately, by the time the Ottoman's army had crossed, the Transylvanian army was further from Buda than the Ottomans were. Contemporary historical records, though sparse, indicate that Louis preferred a plan of retreat, in effect ceding the country to Ottoman advances, rather than directly engaging the Ottoman army in open battle.
The Hungarian forces chose the battlefield, an open but uneven plain with some swampy marshes near Mohács leading down to the Danube. The Ottomans had been allowed to advance almost unopposed. While Louis waited in Buda, they had besieged several towns and crossed the Sava and Drava Rivers. Louis assembled around 25,000 to 28,000 soldiers while the Ottoman army numbered around 50,000 to 65,000.The Hungarian army was arrayed to take advantage of the terrain and hoped to engage the Ottoman army piecemeal.

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